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Know it, to live better

First step: familiarize with your blood pressure and heart rate

Know it, to live better

First step: familiarize with your blood pressure and heart rate

Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure and is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of blood flow obstruction in your arteries. Healthy arteries are elastic and can stretch to allow more blood to push through them. However, the artery walls can constrict and become stiff leading to high blood pressure. When do you have hypertension? When your blood pressure is consistently too high (higher than 140/90 mmHg for three or more separate readings). It's as simple as that.1,2

More than 90% of adults with hypertension have what is called primary hypertension. Primary (or essential) hypertension has no identifiable cause and tends to develop gradually over the course of years. The remaining cases of high blood pressures are due to a known condition that affects the kidneys, arteries, heart, or endocrine system (secondary hypertension).3

Do you know what the main symptom of hypertension is? The absence of symptoms

A perfect nickname for hypertension is “silent killer”. The high blood flow stresses your blood vessels and leads to serious health problems. Some people with hypertension may have headaches, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds, but these signs and symptoms are not specific for hypertension and are not likely to occur until hypertension has reached a severe or life-threatening stage. In some cases, even if blood pressure has reached dangerously high levels, hypertension can be present for years without any symptoms!2

Hypertension and elevated resting heart rate: both need your attention

Now we know what hypertension is. Great job! But what about elevated resting heart rate? Elevated resting heart rate is when your heart is beating too fast at rest. Usually it’s about 60/70 beats per minute, but it can reach over 100 beats per minute. Heart rates above the resting rate may be normal (such as with exercise) or abnormal (such as with electrical problems within the heart).4,5 Tachycardia is the medical term for a heart rate over 100 beats per minute.


They’re two separate indicators of health. But they’re connected

Hypertension is related to the force of blood moving through blood vessels, while heart rate is the number of times the heart beats per minute. Although heart rate and blood pressure do not necessarily increase at the same rate, many studies have shown that they are correlated. If you have an elevated resting heart rate, you’re likely to have a higher risk of developing hypertension in the future.5

Lets talk numbers

Discover what your blood pressure numbers mean and which number is more important.2

Optimal blood pressure

below 120/80 mm Hg

Normal blood pressure

systolic pressure 120 to 129 mm Hg and/or diastolic pressure below 80 mm Hg

High normal

systolic pressure 130 to 139 mm Hg and/or diastolic pressure 80 to 89 mm Hg

Stage 1 hypertension

systolic pressure 140 to 159 mm Hg and/or diastolic pressure 90 to 99 mm Hg

Stage 2 hypertension

systolic pressure 160 to 179 mm Hg and/or diastolic pressure 100 to 109 mm Hg

Stage 3 hypertension

systolic pressure above 180 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure above 110 mm Hg



Know-your-risk calculator

Check your risks to know it better

Know-your-risk calculator

Check your risks to know it better


1. Lackland DT, Weber MA. Global burden of cardiovascular disease and stroke: hypertension at the core. Can J Cardiol. 2015;31(5):569-571.
2. Williams B, Mancia G, Spiering W, et al. 2018 ESC/ESH Guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension. Eur Heart J. 2018;39(33):3021-3104.
3. Weber MA, Schiffrin EL, White WB, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of hypertension in the community: a statement by the American Society of Hypertension and the International Society of Hypertension. J Clin Hypertens Greenwich Conn. 2014;16(1):14-26.
4. Mancia G, Grassi G. The autonomic nervous system and hypertension. Circ Res. 2014;114(11):1804-1814.
5. Palatini P. Role of elevated heart rate in the development of cardiovascular disease in hypertension. Hypertens Dallas Tex 1979. 2011;58(5):745-750.